Magnesium is a cofactor for many enzymes involved in glucose metabolism

It is well-established that magnesium is a cofactor for many enzymes involved in glucose metabolism. For this reason, in the event that someone experiences a magnesium deficiency, his/her enzymes necessary for glucose metabolism may remain underactive.  The underactivity of glucose-metabolizing enzymes could lead to elevated blood glucose levels (hyperglycemia), as a byproduct of magnesium deficiency.

Research shows that increasing magnesium concentrations is capable of improving homeostatic glucose and insulin levels.  This is likely due to the fact that when magnesium intake increases (either through diet or supplementation), enzymes metabolize glucose more efficiently and less insulin secretion is necessary to shuttle glucose out of the bloodstream.  If your blood glucose levels spike unpredictably to high levels, it’s possible that a lack of magnesium in your diet could be a partial cause.

In fact, a study by Lal, Vasudev, Kela, and Jain (2003) discovered a greater occurrence of hypomagnesemia among persons with Type 2 diabetes than non-diabetic patients, indicative of the fact that chronically low magnesium may induce glucose abnormalities.  In the event that glucose abnormalities (e.g. hyperglycemia) result from an underlying magnesium deficiency, supplementation with magnesium could decrease severity or hyperglycemia via augmentation of enzymatic glucose metabolism, islet Beta-cell response, and reversal of insulin resistance.  Moreover, a vicious circle may occur in which hyperglycemia (resulting from low magnesium) exacerbates magnesium depletion (through frequent urination or insulin resistance), and the depletion of magnesium promotes increased likelihood of future hyperglycemia.

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Full article about Magnesium Deficiency Symptoms, Causes, & Treatments read at

Magnesium rich foods

by Cedars-Sinai Medical Center >> CP0403MagnesiumRichFoods.pdf

Divergent’s survival without stress medication 6 tips

Everyone loves divergent in movies, weather they climb mount Everest or run 1000 miles at once. Or kill all the bad guys. However mammals and birds are tended to execute everyone who’s behavior seems to be different from the crowd in real life. In the human society divergent ones are often drugged off because of their stress issues (created by the society itself) rather than being killed literally.

“Once there was a male who honestly revealed – the only dick worth to suck is his. Did any mammal suck it? No, they kicked his ass and nailed him on the cross.”

Nowadays a male demanding to be the alpha often ends up tighten to the bed and drugged off for couple of days. Wakes up in form of walking cabbage. Spends hundreds of dollars for medication to keep this state to the end of  his life, just to be safe for society.

This post is for divergent who want to live without stress management medication. And be socially successful, rather than being repeatedly kicked by dominant rivals or drugged off with meds, in order to keep society safe from different social behavior.

How to be socially successful and keep your ass safe while being a divergent?

The problem for all divergent is being over and under reactive to social interaction, both negative and positive. It is hard for divergent to keep balance in their lives. They are awful to build and keep social status high enough due to having less physical and mental balance and visual qualities than others.

Divergent’s survival tips in short:

  1. Divergent usually don’t care about their background. Keep an eye the quality you provide is better than guys in background do. Quality is essential but relative, start with poor but pure backgrounds.
  2. Keep your blood sugar low, others – high. This would provide the sharpest mind and decision making within a social group for you. Give them some sweets as a present. Sweets (like alcohol) would give just a feeling of performance when there is nothing real. High blood sugar goes together with imbalance.
  3. Train physical balance and spatial sense. Mental and physical balance is the same for the brain. Practice body balance exercises with closed eyes.
  4. Promise less give more. Rather promising the world and accomplishing nothing.
  5. Play low social status while exposing (displaying) high physical and visual quality. Usually divergent dressed in dud demand appreciation and alpha status rather than giving it.
  6. There might be a bad conscious attitude from a rival, keep your eyes open. Any social group hardly let someone climb the social hierarchy. They like things as they are. Old alphas want to keep their power for all costs. Divergent are the ones they can’t take in control. So they would try to eliminate such a person.


Definition of a Neurotransmitter

Neurotransmitters are types of hormones in the brain that transmit information from one neuron to another. They are made by amino acids. Neurotransmitters control major body functions including movement, emotional response, and the physical ability to experience pleasure and pain. The most familiar neurotransmitters which are thought to play a role in mood regulation are serotonin, norepinephrine, dopamine, acetylcholine, and GABA.

Neurotransmitter Effects on Mental Health:

  • Modulate mood and thought processes
  • Control ability to focus, concentrate, and remember things
  • Control the appetite center of the brain
  • Regulate sleep

Types of Neurotransmitters

Neurotransmitters can be broadly classified into two categories; excitatory and inhibitory. Some neurotransmitters can serve both functions.

Excitatory neurotransmitters are the nervous system’s “on switches”, increasing the likelihood that an excitatory signal is sent. They act like a car’s accelerator, revving up the engine. Excitatory transmitters regulate many of the body’s most basic functions including: thought processes, the body’s fight or flight response, motor movement and higher thinking. Physiologically, the excitatory transmitters act as the body’s natural stimulants, generally serving to promote alertness, energy, and activity. Without a functioning inhibitory system to put on the brakes, things can get out of control.

Neurotransmitters, Dopamine

Inhibitory neurotransmitters are the nervous system’s “off switches”, decreasing the likelihood that an excitatory signal is sent. Excitation in the brain must be balanced with inhibition. Too much excitation can lead to restlessness, irritability, insomnia, and even seizures. Inhibitory transmitters regulate the activity of the excitatory neurotransmitters, much like the brakes on a car. The inhibitory system slows things down. Physiologically, the inhibitory transmitters act as the body’s natural tranquilizers, generally serving to induce sleep, promote calmness, and decrease aggression.

Excitatory neurotransmitters

  • Dopamine
  • Histamine
  • Norepinephrine
  • Epinephrine
  • Glutamate
  • Acetylcholine

Inhibitory neurotransmitters

  • GABA
  • Dopamine
  • Serotonin
  • Acetylcholine
  • Taurine

Neurotransmitter Overview

  • Acetylchlorine helps with memory and learning.
  • Dopamine is primarily responsible for sex drive, mood, alertness, and movement.
  • Norepinephrine and epinephrine influence alertness, arousal, and mood.
  • Serotonin is involved in mood, appetite control, emotional balance, and impulse control.
  • GABA helps with relaxation and sedation.


Acetylcholine release can be excitatory or inhibitory depending on the type of tissue and the nature of the receptor with which it interacts. Acetylcholine plays numerous roles in the nervous system. Its primary action is to stimulate the skeletal muscular system. It is the neurotransmitter used to cause voluntary muscle contraction or relaxation in the muscles.

In the brain, acetylcholine is involved in learning and memory. Acetylcholine is a small molecule transmitter that is also found in the hippocampus and prefrontal cortex. The hippocampus is responsible for memory and memory retrieval. Alzheimer’s disease is associated with a lack of acetylcholine in certain regions of the brain.


Dopamine can act as both an excitatory or inhibitory neurotransmitter and functions as the brain’s “feel good” neurotransmitter. It is part of the brain’s reward system and creates feelings of satisfaction or pleasure when we do things we enjoy, such as eating or having sex. Drugs like cocaine, nicotine, opiates, heroin, and alcohol increase the levels of dopamine. Eating foods that taste good and having sex also stimulate an increase in dopamine levels. For this reason, many surmise that a deficient level of dopamine in the brain may be behind peoples’ tendencies to use drugs, drink alcohol, smoke cigarettes, be promiscuous, gamble or overeat.

Dopamine’s functions are diverse, affecting memory, motor control, and pleasure. It allows us to be alert and motivated and to feel satisfied. Dopamine is associated with positive stress states such as being in love, exercising, listening to music, and sex. Once produced, dopamine can, in turn, convert into the brain chemicals norepinephrine and epinephrine.

Adderall has unfortunately been labeled “a study drug.”
Adderall has unfortunately been labeled “a study drug.”

A drug Adderall boosts dopamine levels helping to stay focused on task whatever it is. It’s so effective that Adderall has unfortunately been labeled “a study drug.” The journal Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review reported that 17 percent of college students misuse Adderall mainly in an effort to improve academic performance. However artificially elevated dopamine level causes serious imbalance to brain’s neurochemistry and further to hormonal system. More about Adderall misuse read at

High levels

However, too much of a good thing can be bad for you. An increased level of dopamine in the frontal lobe of the brain contributes to the incoherent and disrupted thought processes that are characteristic of schizophrenia. Excessive levels of dopamine cause our thinking to become excited, energized, then suspicious and paranoid as we are hyperstimulated by our environment. With low levels of dopamine we lose the ability to focus. When dopamine levels are too high our focus becomes narrowed and intense. High dopamine levels have been observed in patients with poor gastrointestinal function, autism, mood swings, aggression, psychosis, anxiety, hyperactivity, and children with attention disorders.

Low levels

Too little dopamine in the motor areas of the brain are responsible for Parkinson’s disease, which involves uncontrollable muscle tremors. A decline in dopamine levels in the thinking areas of the brain is linked to cognitive problems (learning and memory deficits), poor concentration, difficulty initiating or completing tasks, impaired ability to “lock onto” tasks, activities, or conversations, lack of energy, lack of motivation, inability to “feel alive”, addictions, cravings, compulsions, a loss of satisfaction in activities which previously pleased you, and slowed motor movements.


Epinephrine, also known as adrenaline, is an excitatory neurotransmitter. It is derived from norepinephrine and is secreted along with norepinephrine in response to fear or anger. This reaction, referred to as the “fight or flight” response, prepares the body for strenuous activity. Epinephrine regulates attentiveness, arousal, cognition, sexual arousal, and mental focus. It is also responsible for regulating the metabolism. Epinephrine is used medicinally as a stimulant in cardiac arrest, as a vasoconstrictor in shock, as a bronchodilator and antispasmodic in bronchial asthma, and anaphylaxis.

High levels

Epinephrine levels which are too high can result in restlessness, anxiety, sleep problems, acute stress, and ADHD. Excess amounts of epinephrine can also raise the blood pressure, increase the heart rate, cause irritability and insomnia.

Low levels

Low levels of epinephrine can also contribute to weight gain, fatigue, lack of focus, decreased sexual arousal, and poor concentration.

Stress tends to deplete our store of adrenalin (epinephrine), while exercise tends to increase it.


GABA is the abbreviation for Gamma-aminobutyric acid. GABA is the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system and plays a major role in regulating anxiety and reducing stress. GABA has a calming effect on the brain and helps the brain filter out “background noise”. It improves mental focus while calming the nerves. GABA acts like a brake to the excitatory neurotransmitters which can cause anxiety if the system is overstimulated. It regulates norepinephrine, adrenaline, dopamine, and serotonin and is a significant mood modulator. The primary function of GABA is to prevent overstimulation.

High levels

Excessive GABA levels result in excessive relaxation and sedation, to the point that normal reactions are impaired.

Low levels

Insufficient GABA results in the brain being overstimulated. People with too little GABA tend to suffer from anxiety disorders and may have a predisposition to alcoholism. Low levels of GABA are associated with bipolar disorder, mania, poor impulse control, epilepsy, and seizure disorders. Since proper GABA functioning is required to induce relaxation, analgesia, and sleep, dysfunction of the GABA system is implicated in the pathophysiology of several neuropsychiatric disorders, including anxiety and depression. In 1990, a study linked lowered levels of GABA to a predisposition to alcoholism. When men of alcoholic fathers with low GABA drank a glass of vodka their GABA levels rose to the equivalent of the control group.


Glutamate is a major excitatory neurotransmitter that is associated with learning and memory. It is also thought to be associated with Alzheimer’s disease. Glutamate has been implicated in epileptic seizures and is a key molecule in cellular metabolism. It is also one of the major food components that provides flavor. Glutamate is found in all protein-containing foods such as cheese, milk, mushrooms, meat, fish, and many vegetables. Monosodium glutamate is a sodium salt of glutamate.

High levels

Excessive levels of glutamate are toxic to neurons and have been implicated in the development of neurological disorders such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and Huntington’s chorea, peripheral neuropathies, chronic pain, schizophrenia, stroke, and Parkinson’s disease.

Low levels

Insufficient levels of glutamate may play a role in impaired memory and learning.


Histamine is most commonly known for its role in allergic reactions but it is also involved in neurotransmission and can affect your emotions and behavior as well. Histamine helps control the sleep-wake cycle and promotes the release of epinephrine and norepinephrine.

High levels

High histamine levels have been linked to obsessive compulsive tendencies, depression, and headaches.

Low levels

Low histamine levels can contribute to paranoia, low libido, fatigue, and medication sensitivities.

MonoaminesThis is a class of neurotransmitters which includes serotonin, norepinephrine, GABA, glutamate, and dopamine. The monoamine hypothesis holds that mood disorders are caused by depletion in the levels of one or more of these neurotransmitters.


Norepinephrine is an excitatory neurotransmitter that is important for attention and focus. Norepinephrine is synthesized from dopamine and is strongly associated with bringing our nervous systems into the “fight or flight” state. Norepinephrine triggers the release of hormones from the limbic section of the brain that signal other stress hormones to act in a crisis. It can raise blood pressure and increase heart rate. It can elevate the metabolic rate, body temperature and stimulate the smooth bronchial muscles to assist breathing. It is also important for forming memories.

High levels

Elevated norepinephrine activity seems to be a contributor to anxiety. Also, brain norepinephrine turnover is increased in conditions of stress. Increased levels of norepinephrine will lead to alertness and mood elevation and increased sexual interest. However, high amounts raise blood pressure, increase heart rate, and cause anxiety, fear, panic, stress, hyperactivity, an overwhelming sense of dread, irritability, and insomnia.

Low levels

Low levels of norepinephrine are linked to lack of energy, focus, and motivation. Insufficient norepinephrine levels also contribute to depression, loss of alertness, and poor memory.


PEA is an excitatory neurotransmitter made from phenylalanine. It is important in focus and concentration.

High levels

Elevated PEA levels are observed in individuals experiencing “mind racing”, sleep problems, anxiety, and schizophrenia.

Low levels

Low PEA is associated with difficulty paying attention or thinking clearly, and in depression


Serotonin is an inhibitory neurotransmitter involved in the regulation of mood, anxiety, libido, compulsivity, headaches, aggression, body temperature, eating disorders, social anxiety, phobias, sleep, appetite, memory and learning, cardiovascular function, muscle contraction, and endocrine regulation. Other brain neurotransmitters, such as dopamine and norepinephrine, also influence mood and arousal. However, serotonin generally has different effects.

Serotonin plays a major role in sleep and mood regulation. Proper amounts of circulating serotonin promote relaxation. Stress reduces our serotonin levels as our body uses up serotonin in an attempt to calm itself.

Low levels

Low levels of serotonin can result in depressed mood, anxiety, panic attacks, low energy, migraines, sleeping problems, obsessions or compulsions, feeling tense and irritable, craving sweets or loss of appetite, impaired memory and concentration, angry or aggressive behavior, slowed muscle movement, slowed speech, altered sleep patterns, and having a reduced interest in sex.

High levels

Excess amounts of serotonin cause sedation, a decrease in sexual drive, a sense of well-being, bliss, and of being one with the universe. However, if serotonin levels become too high they can result in Serotonin Syndrome, which can be fatal.

Serotonin Syndrome

Extremely high levels of serotonin can be toxic and possibly fatal, causing a condition known as “Serotonin Syndrome”. It is very difficult to reach these high levels by overdosing on a single antidepressant, but combining different agents known to increase levels of Serotonin, such as an SSRI and an MAOI, can result in this condition. Taking recreational Ecstasy can also have this effect, but rarely leads to toxicity. Serotonin Syndrome produces violent trembling, profuse sweating, insomnia, nausea, teeth chattering, chilling, shivering, aggressiveness, over-confidence, agitation, and malignant hyperthermia. Emergency medical treatment is required, utilizing medications that neutralize or block the action of serotonin.

Factors affecting serotonin production

Your hormones and Estrogen levels can affect serotonin levels and this may explain why some women have pre-menstrual and menopausal mood problems. Moreover, daily stress can greatly reduce your serotonin supplies.

While exercise and exposure to light may increase or stimulate serotonin levels, antidepressants can aid the brain to replenish its own supply. The most recent SSRI antidepressants, (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors) are current drugs of choice to increase serotonin circulation.


Taurine is an inhibitory neurotransmitter involved in neuromodulatory and neuroprotective actions. Supplementing with taurine can increase GABA function. By helping GABA function, taurine is an important neuromodulator for prevention of anxiety. The relevance of GABA support is to prevent overstimulation due to high levels of excitatory amino acids, such as norepinephrine and epinephrine. Therefore, taurine and GABA constitute an important protective mechanism against excessive excitatory neurotransmitters.

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Histamine, Natural Antihistamines & Herbs

What is Histamine

Histamine is defined as a chemical compound that our cells release in response to injury, immune responses when there is an allergic reaction, inflammation and chemical exposure. Histamine also helps regulate the gut. Non-mast cell histamine also acts as a neurotransmitter in our nervous system. Basophil and mast cell histamine, once released, cause the contraction of smooth muscles as well as dilation of capillaries. In this function, it is mostly an immunologic reaction.

Histamine has a protective action in the body. One of the main actions is to correct shortages of potassium, salt and water. Histamine and its 5 helpers, work to maintain homeostasis in our bodies. Homeostasis is another word for balance.

Histamine is produced in specialized cells in the body known as mast cells. Also, one type of whit blood cell called basophils produce histamine.

How Do Antihistamines Work

Antihistamines block the action of histamine.

Your mast cells leak the histamine into the cells and subsequently into our surrounding tissues and into the blood. This is the precursor of inflammation. Antihistamines are given with the thinking that inflammation is bad, eliminating inflammation is good.

Antihistamines help stop the action of histamine at receptors in our skin, nose, blood vessels and airways. But this is an oversimplification.

Three Functions of Histamine:

Histamine working as a neurotransmitter, among other things, is responsible for our sleep. It is believed to be part of the mechanism that causes us to forget memories and learning. Is it any wonder that a side effect of antihistamine use is memory disturbance?

Histamine in our gut helps with the production and stopping the production of acid for digestion. Why would we want to tell our gut to stop doing what it is supposed to do?

Finally, histamine has a protective response, the inflammation. This is in reality, a cry for water. It should also be noted that histamine is implicated in Multiple Sclerosis.

Commonalities Of Histamines in the Body

The one main commonality of the various histamines is prompting us to hydrate and inner body water redistribution. We do not store water in our bodies.

Should We Use Chemical (Drug) Antihistamines?

The late Dr. Batmanghelidj worked on the theory that the current thinking of antihistamine was wrong. Histamine, he pointed out based on research, can be overproduced due to the exposure of too much of something we are consuming or may be exposed to. When exposed, histamine signals for water intake or for transferring water from a place of abundance to a place of lack.

The natural histamine response is one of our bodies cries for water, salt or both. Why not fix it with a natural antihistamine.

When we use chemical or drug antihistamines, all that is happening is a covering over of the bodies water shortage and the need for salt and water.

The Best Natural Antihistamine: Salt

What do wild animals turn when they have congestion or runny noses? The fact they don’t often have health problems like humans should clue us in. Animals get their salt (natural antihistamine) from certain foods other sources. Have you ever noticed deer grazing on grass by the side of the highway. No doubt it is for the extra salt they get from the roads in the winter.

The first thing you will get on admission to the hospital is usually a saline IV. Our cells, everyone of them, needs both water and salt to maintain health. Only drinking water can actually cause harm to our heart. When we only drink water, the sympathetic nervous system is constantly stimulated, which prematurely ages our heart.

Why are we told to cut down on salt? Why not drink more water? The key, drinking plain water. While too much salt is bad, not having enough plain water is worse. Water helps wash out the excess salt.

A related problem is the substitution of sweetened drinks and juices for thirst and not water. What do all animals, wild and domestic drink? Water. Yet they rarely get the diseases humans do.


Are you among the many seasonal allergy sufferers each year? Are you tired of the negative side effects many over-the-counter antihistamines provide? Fortunately, there are natural alternatives that can provide relief without inducing drowsiness, dizziness, or headaches — symptoms usually accompanied by most conventional approaches. Most natural antihistamines help to deter symptoms associated with an overactive immune system. They may also help quiet allergy symptoms such as itchy eyes, sinus congestion, and difficulty breathing. Or, they may simply respond to a histamine reaction resulting from exposure to a specific allergen.

Allergies and reactions that could require Natural Antihistamines

  • hay fever.
  • allergic reactions to insect bites or stings.
  • mild allergic reactions to food allergies.
  • atopic eczema – a common allergic skin condition.
  • nettle rash and hives.
  • allergic rhinitis – inflammation of the nasal passages.
  • allergic inflammation of the eyes or conjunctivitis.

How do antihistamines work?

  • They inhibit the actions of histamine which is a substance released when the body reacts to a foreign substance (known as an allergen).
  • The antihistamine blocks the histamine from attaching to histamine receptors, thereby reducing itching, inflammation, colds and coughs, stomach cramps and other symptoms of reactions to foods, or insect bites and stings.

Side effects of chemical antihistimines.

Anti-histimines, you might be interested to know, are also one of the main ingredients in motion sickness pills, cough syrup and sleeping pills.

Some of the main side effects of the chemical versions are:

  • drowsiness
  • slow reaction time
  • difficulty concentrating

Natural antihistamine herbs

The following herbs have many benefits and beneficial medicinal properties coupled with their antihistamine qualities.

elderberry-and-influenzaElderberry is a European folk remedy typically used for supporting health during bouts of the cold and flu. However, there is evidence that the active ingredients in elderberry also support the sinuses by discouraging swelling of the mucous membranes. [1]This benefit makes elderberry an excellent tool for supporting health while combating seasonal allergy symptoms. It naturally protects defenses by keeping bacteria in check, and it has also been used to deter sinusitis and nasal congestion. [2] It is usually found over the counter in health food stores as a liquid syrup.

eyebrightEyebright is a flowering herb that has been used to support eye health since the Middle Ages. There is very little scientific evidence to date to support the herb’s use as a natural antihistamine; yet, the existing data does provide promising insight into the herb’s powerful benefits. Eyebright contains high levels of antioxidants [3] which may be used to support eye health, and the plant itself has been said to combat dry eyes, allergies, sinusitis, conjunctivitis, and other eye infections. [4] It can be taken as an herbal tea or combined with water and used as an eyewash.

SANYO DIGITAL CAMERAGinkgo biloba is a Chinese herb that is often associated with mental alertness and memory support. [5] However, it is actually a versatile herb that can be used for a variety of conditions, including glaucoma, bronchitis, asthma, [6] seasonal allergies, [7] tinnitus, and poor blood circulation. Some references also describe ginkgo as a natural antihistamine. It is considered a tonic herb in Ayurveda, meaning it helps restore balance in the body.

Impatiens_capensis-FJewelweed has been used for centuries by Native Americans as a natural approach to poison ivy. The allergic response generated by poison ivy is what is known as a histamine reaction. [8] The natural chemical constituents of jewelweed appear to act much like corticosteroids, compounds that inhibit or “block” this histamine reaction. This may also apply to other histamine reactions, such as those that occur with contact dermatitis and bee stings. Ttry this herb as a home remedy for ringworm

Stinging nettle may sound painful, but it’s actually considered a wonderful health-supporting herb. Nettle has natural histamine-blocking properties which are especially beneficial for seasonal allergies. [9] Historically, stinging nettle has been used for sore joints and gout as well as eczema and hay fever. Current research, however, has yet to support this ancient use. Nettles, is well known for its relief of arthritis and as a diuretic to rid the body of excessive water.

Evening Primrose, which is also rich in potassium, magnesium and iron.

Parsley, which is also a popular herb for a home remedy for psoriasis.

Ginger, for nausea and for high blood pressure.

Chamomile, which also relaxes the nervous system and helps with insomnia.

Saffron a wonderful herb for any stomach ailments as well as been a natural antihistamine.

Anise, makes a very nice infusion which can be used for a day long breath freshener.

Fennel, a highly aromatic and flavorful herb which can be used to get rid of fleas when used as a powder around your domestic animals’ beds.

Caraway, which is also useful for a natural aid to relief of colic.

Cardamon, another natural anti-histamine herb, and this one can also be used for relief of colic.

Basil not only has natural antihistamine properties but can also be used for home remedies for hair loss.

Echinacea – an effective sinus infection herbal remedy.

Warning: People who are allergic to ragweed can also cross-react to Echinacea.

Thyme, a herb which can help with candida or thrush as well as for problem skins.


  1. Steven D. Ehrlich, NMD. Elderberry. UMM. Fact Sheet. January 11, 2012.
  2. Uncini Manganelli RE, Zaccaro L, Tomei PE. Antiviral activity in vitro of Urtica dioica L., Parietaria diffusa M. et K. and Sambucus nigra L. Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 2005 April 26;98(3):323-7.
  3. Blazicus B, Alberti A, Kery A. Antioxidant activity of different phenolic fractions separated from Euphrasia rostkoviana Hayne. Acta Pharmaceutica Hungarica. 2009;79(1):11-6.
  4. Stoss M, Michels C, Peter E, Beutke R, Gorter RW. Prospective cohort trial of Euphrasia single-dose eye drops in conjunctivitis. Journal of Alternative Complementary Medicine. 2000 December;6(6):499-508.
  5. S. Mahadevan and Y. Park. Multifaceted Therapeutic Benefits of Ginkgo biloba L.: Chemistry, Efficacy, Safety, and Uses. Journal of Food Science. Volume 73, Issue 1, pages R14-R19, January/February 2008. DOI: 10.1111/j.1750-3841.2007.00597.x.
  6. Tang Y, Xu Y, Xiong S, Ni W, Chen S, Gao B, Ye T, Cao Y, Du C. The effect of Ginkgo Biloba extract on the expression on the expression of PKCalpha in the inflammatory cells and the level of IL-5 in induced sputum of asthmatic patients.Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology – Medical Sciences. 2007 August;27(4):375-80.
  7. Russo V, Stella A, Appezzati L, Barone A, Stagni E, Roszkowska A, Delle Noci N.Clinical efficacy of a Ginkgo biloba extract in the topical treatment of allergic conjunctivitis. European Journal of Ophthalmology. 2009 May-June;19(3):331-6.
  8. Iwaoka E, Oku H, Iinuma M, Ishiguro K. Allergy-preventive effects of the flowers of Impatiens textori. Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin. 2010;33(4):714-6.
  9. Roschek B Jr, Fink RC, McMichael M, Alberte RS. Nettle extract (Urtica dioica) affects key receptors and enzymes associated with allergic rhinitis. Phytotherapy Research. 2009 July;23(7):920-6. doi: 10.1002/ptr.2763.

Are you among the many seasonal allergy sufferers each year? Are you tired of the negative side effects many over-the-counter antihistamines provide? Fortunately, there are natural alternatives that can provide relief without inducing drowsiness, dizziness, or headaches — symptoms usually accompanied by most conventional approaches. Most natural antihistamines help to deter symptoms associated with an overactive immune system. They may also help quiet allergy symptoms such as itchy eyes, sinus congestion, and difficulty breathing. Or, they may simply respond to a histamine reaction resulting from exposure to a specific allergen.